Advocating for Pregnant and Parenting Students
Both Federal and State laws protect a pregnant or parenting student’s (PPS) right to an equal education.
Reasonable accommodations should be made for PPS similar to other students with temporary disabilities:
WHO: All institutions (public or private) that receive federal funding
WHAT: Cannot discriminate on the basis of sex
INCLUDES: “actual or potential” parental, family or marital status“, ‘pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy, or recovery therefrom.
WHAT: “Affirmative obligation” to combat racism, sexism and other bias.
Lactation Accommodation Language vetted by California Women’s Law Center
Federal Title IX: Schools are prohibited from discriminating against pregnant and parenting students under Federal Title IX. Lactation is a normal part of pregnancy and parenting. Reasonable accommodations should be made to be in Title IX compliance.
1. Inform pregnant student of their rights!
- While they are pregnant
- Coordinate with their Caseworkers
2. For K-12 – Contact the Title IX Coordinator
- At the school
- At local district
- EXAMPLE: LAUSD Central Title IX Office: (213) 241-7682
3. For Higher Education – Contact:
- Student Disability Department
- Associated Students
- Women’s Center (Gender Studies)
- Health Center
- Punitive absence policies
- No homebound services (requiring students back to school before 6 weeks.)
- Environment of discouragement
- Unequal educational alternative programs
- Failure to provide reasonable accommodations for lactation (creating food insecurity)
WHO: Anyone can file the complaint.
WHEN: Within 180 days of the alleged discrimination (extensions possible)
- Your name, Address (if available), Phone
- Information about the mother experiencing discrimination
- Name and location of Institution
- Description of the discriminatory acts